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Welcome to the Reading Strategies Wikia[1]Edit

Reading-strategies will discuss the major aspects of writing, oral, and visual literacy including Student-centered approaches; strategies for becoming reflective readers; and strategies for making meaning and critical analysis for understanding text and novels.

In the event that there is a configuration problem, here is a color-coded copy of the chart: [1]

Major Aspects of Written, Oral, and Visual Literacy Oral Language- speaking, presentation skills.

Visual Literacy-

interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image.  Being able to interpret meaning from written text.

Phonological Awareness- the sounds of one's language. Word Study, Phonics, Word Identification- breaking down and decoding to help understand the meaning. Composition-

the way in which writing and literature is made up.  Like the recipe.

Comprehension- being able to understand what you are saying, reading, and writing.
Reading Circles and Other Student-centered approaches to studying literature




Different strategies to help students become reflective readers

Definition of Reading Circles- a structured group of students who gather to discuss a book and participate in guided activities.

Helps them analyze and talk about writing. Discussing helps with speaking skills and then transfers to written responses.
Pair-Share- students share with each other what they read and discuss what it means to them.

In order for reading circles to be effective, they must be organized and encourage students to connect and make meaning out of the literature.  This enhances the practice of making meaning out of text and practicing inferencing skills.





Sentence Stem-based responses


Layered Texta digital document that is filled with hyperlinks that communicate, well, just about anything

More benefits include providing a variety of reading genres and topics- This provides more exposure to various literature.

This increases comprehension skills.

By conferencing and discussing with other students they get different perspectives and opinions which also helps. Students are exposed to various readings will also help students become familiar with the various elements of literature (setting, character development, theme)
Journaling or note-taking

Different Strategies for building

Comprehension and vocabulary skills in reading

Activating background knowledge. Tuning students into what they already know and help them connect to what they are reading. Bridging their old knowledge with the new.

Monitor their own thoughts while reading ( metacognition)
Introduce a word and determine a definition or description.

Questioning- having them think beyond the text and ask questions for clarification and predictions.

draw a picture of the word or what the word represents
find synonyms and antonyms for each word

Analyzing text structure.  Having students familiarize themselves with the format, structure, author's intent helps to form an understanding of the literature and its components.

Visualization- being able to paint a picture of the story and its details in your mind.
Semantic maps or mind maps.

Summarizing- retelling and being able to identify the key important parts of the story, along with the order help with retention and comprehension.

Create vocabulary word pages in a notebook

Appropriate meaning-making strategies and forms of critical analysis for understanding text and novels Critical reading means engaging in what you read by asking yourself questions such as, ‘what is the author trying to say?’ or ‘what is the main argument being presented?’

It involves presenting a reasoned argument that evaluates and analyses what you have read.

After critically reading a piece you should be able to take notes, paraphrasing - in your own words - the key points.

What the text describes: you should be confident that you have understood the text sufficiently to be able to use your own examples and compare and contrast with other writing on the subject at hand.

Interpretation of the text: this means that you should be able to fully analyse the text and state a meaning for the text as a whole.

When you find a relevant or interesting section you will need to slow your reading speed dramatically, allowing you to gain a more in-depth understanding of the arguments raised.  


SQ3R is an acronym and stands for:
  • Survey
  • Question
  • Read
  • Recall
  • Review


Survey- Go through quickly and gain the general gist of the material in question.
Question- Have a question or set of questions that will guide you
What do I already know about this subject?

How does this chapter relate to the assignment question?

How can I relate what I read to my own experiences?

Read and be careful consideration of the meaning of what the author is trying to convey.
Recall- make a concerted effort to recall what you have just read and focus upon the main points
Review- review the material that you have recalled in your notes

Describe your topicEdit

  • Reading strategies for reflective reading
  • Questions useful in the evaluation and critical analysis of novels and textbooks for the English classroom
  • Student-centered approaches to the teaching of literature, including reading/literary circles
  • Strategies to build comprehension and vocabulary skills in reading
  • The basic aspects of writing, oral, and visual literacy

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